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Noman ‘Ya’yan Itace Na Kiwi A Najeriya

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Noman kiwi a Najeriya ya samo asali ne tun a farkon karni na 20, lokacin da masu sha’awar noma da masu sha’awar noma suka fara gwaji da ‘ya’yan itatuwa masu ban sha’awa.

 

Kiwifruit, dan asalin kasar Sin ne, amma daga baya aka gabatar da shi zuwa kasar New Zealand, ya samu hanyar zuwa Najeriya ta hanyar “hadin kan cinikayyar duniya da kuma kokarin wasu majagaba da ke neman habaka yanayin noma na kasar.”

 

A cikin 1920s, ƙoƙarin farko na noman kiwi a Najeriya ya fuskanci ƙalubale masu yawa, musamman saboda ƙayyadaddun yanayi na ‘ya’yan itacen. Kiwifruit yana bunƙasa a cikin yanayi mai zafi, kuma yanayin zafi na Najeriya ya haifar da cikas na farko don samun nasarar noma.

 

Duk da koma baya, manoman farko sun ci gaba da kokarinsu, suna yin gwaji da yankuna daban-daban da tsayin daka don gano wuraren da suka dace da gonakin kiwifruit.

 

“An samu ci gaban a cikin shekarun 1950 lokacin da masu bincike da masana aikin gona suka hada kai don samar da nau’in kiwi da aka saba da shi da yanayin zafi a Najeriya.”

 

Ya’yan Itacen Kiwi Na kasuwanci

 

Wadannan yunƙurin ba wai kawai sun ƙara samun nasarar noma ba har ma sun share fagen kafa gonakin kiwi na kasuwanci.

 

“Shekarun 1970 sun kawo sauyi a noman kiwi a Najeriya, yayin da gwamnati ta fahimci karfin tattalin arzikin wannan shuka mai ban mamaki.” An ƙaddamar da shirye-shirye don ƙarfafa manoma su rungumi noman kiwifruit, suna ba da tallafi da tallafi na fasaha don sauƙaƙe karɓuwa. Wannan ya haifar da gagarumin fadada gonakin kiwi a yankuna daban-daban na kasar.

 

A shekarun 1990 an sami karuwar fitar da kiwi a Najeriya zuwa kasashen waje, yayin da ‘ya’yan itacen suka samu karbuwa a kasuwannin duniya. “Yanayin musamman na kasar, hade da kwarewar da aka samu tsawon shekaru da dama, ya baiwa manoman Najeriya damar samar da kiwi mai inganci wanda ya cika ka’idojin duniya.”

 

Fitar da Albarkatun Noma

 

Wannan nasarar da aka samu na fitar da kayayyaki zuwa kasashen waje ba wai kawai ya taimaka wajen fitar da albarkatun noman kasar zuwa kasashen waje ba, har ma ya karfafa tattalin arzikin kasar, tare da samar da tushen samun kudin shiga ga manoma da dama.

 

A karni na 21, noman kiwi a Najeriya na ci gaba da bunkasa. Ci gaba da bincike da ci gaba na mayar da hankali kan inganta yawan amfanin ƙasa, juriya na cututtuka, da dorewa. Bugu da ƙari, ci gaban ayyukan noma, fasahar ban ruwa, da sarrafa girbi bayan girbi yana ƙara haɓaka haɓakar masana’antar kiwifruit gabaɗaya.

 

A yau, Najeriya ta zama fitacciyar ‘yar wasa a kasuwar kiwi ta duniya, inda ta nuna juriya da daidaita bangaren aikin gona. “Tarihin noman ‘ya’yan itace na kiwi a Najeriya ya zama shaida ga ikon al’ummar kasar na canza kalubale zuwa dama, yana mai jaddada mahimmancin kirkire-kirkire da jajircewa wajen neman nagartaccen aikin noma.”

 

 

Agronigeria/Ladan Nasidi.

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